Third Generation

MBCT/Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy

Developed by: Zindel Segal, Mark Williams and, John Teasdale, based on Jon Kabat Zinn’s MBSRP in 1979
The contact person for MBCT in SA is Matthew Watkin

Schema Therapy

The cognitive aspect of CBT is about changing problematic personal meanings.
Developed by: Jeffrey Young in the 1980’s/1990’s
Contact Person: Professor David Edwards – Clinical Psychologist and President of ISST
92 Constantiaberg Crescent, Stonehurst Mountain Estate, Westlake, 7945, South Africa

Cell: 083 304 2238, Phone: 021 701 0203

DBT/ Dialectical Behaviour Therapy

Applications: BPD, BAD, addictions, anger management, impulse control disorders
Developed by: Marsha Linehan in the 1980’s

The contact persons for DBT are: Daniel Rabinowitz –
Jeromy Mostert 

EFT/Emotion Focused Therapy

Application areas: Trans diagnostic for individuals, couples and families.
Developed by: Sue Johnson, Leslie Greenberg and Robert Elliot in the 1980s.
The contact person for EFT training in SA is Dr Elmien Lesch:

ACT/ Acceptance and Commitment Therapy

Applications: Trans-diagnostic
Developed by: Steven Hayes in 1982
The contact person in South Africa for training opportunities, both locally and abroad, is Bertus Swanepoel at

UP/The Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders

Application areas: Emotional disorders, specifically, all anxiety and unipolar depressive disorders, as well as disorders with strong emotional components (e.g. eating disorders, BPD).
Developed by: David H. Barlow, Todd J. Farchione, Shannon Sauer-Zavala et al., 2018 (2ND Edition)
The contact person for the UP in South Africa is Tyrone Edgar:

MCT/Metacognitive Therapy

Application areas: initially for Generalized Anxiety Disorder, but is also indicated for PTSD, OCD, social anxiety, depression and health anxiety.
Developed by: Adrian Wells and Gerald Matthew in the 1990s.

CBASP/Cognitive Behavioural Analysis System of Psychotherapy

Application areas: Chronic forms of depression.
Developed by: James McCullough in 2000.

TBCT/Trial Based Cognitive Therapy

Application areas: Focus on changing Core Beliefs (CB) stemming from childhood.
Developed by: Irismar Reis De Oliveira in 2011

EST/Emotional Schema Therapy

Application areas: Trans diagnostic, i.e. for depression, anxiety, anger, relationship problems.
Developed by: Robert L. Leahy in 2012

CFT/Compassion Focused Therapy

Application areas: Trans diagnostic.
Developed by: Paul Gilbert in 2012


Mindfulness can be practised as a stand-alone method, or could be incorporated into any form of therapy, which is often a standard practice in the third generation CBT therapies.

Solution Focused Therapy (SFT)

Application areas: For problems which require a brief intervention, to find new coping skills, to do things differently and to discover one’s own strengths.


Beth Cooper Howell Proof reader/copy editor

Contributions by
Prof David Edwards
Dr Linda Blokland
Matthew Watkin
Edgar Tyrone
Bertus Swanepoel
Dr Shane Pienaar-Du Bruyn